OECD Co-operative Research Programme sponsored workshop - supplement to Volume 40 (2010)
OECD Co-operative Research Programme sponsored workshop
This supplement to volume 40 of the New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science contains the proceedings of the OECD Co-operative Research Programme sponsored workshop held on 17 March 2009 during the IUFRO International Forest Biosecurity Conference, 16-20 March 2009, Rotorua, New Zealand.
Content Snapshots. Period: 21 December 2009 – 4 March 2010
Summary of Facilitated Discussion: Managing the biosecurity threat to forests in a changing global environment: links between science, policy, regulation and management.Richardson, B., Ramsfield, T. D., & Horner, M.
The purpose of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) workshop was to provide a forum to bring together scientists and policy makers along with the stakeholders that have to implement these policies. The discussion focused on the following questions:Published Online - 4 Mar 2010. [584.9 KB] (pdf).
How can scientists be more effective in their contributions to policy and operational management?
In a changing global environment, what are important future forest biosecurity challenges from both a science and policy perspective? and
How can international collaboration help to meet these science challenges?
Richardson et al. (pp. S137-S143) summarise the main points that arose in response to these questions.
In this review, Brockerhoff et al. (pp. S117-S135) outline the sequence of steps required in well-managed operations; examines characteristics of successful and unsuccessful eradication campaigns; describes methods and tools known to be effective against specific pests; and discusses the analysis of costs and benefits of eradication programmes.Published Online - 4 Mar 2010. [954.7 KB] (pdf).
Holmes (pp.S105-S116) proposes that microeconomic models of damage due to specific invading organisms be aggregated across the forest landscape by considering the rate at which acute, short-run economic impacts accumulate over time and space.Published Online - 3 Mar 2010. [1.0 MB] (pdf).
Wingfield et al. (pp. S95-S103) argue that research regarding novel associations and host shifts between pathogens, insects and tree species should be vigorously supported in order to reduce an emerging new threat to global forests and forestry.Published Online - 1 Mar 2010. [4.5 MB] (pdf).
Lonsdale (pp. S73-S76) presents concepts from the epidemiological literature, that are relevant to weed risk assessment systems.Published Online - 25 Feb 2010. [679.1 KB] (pdf).
Pest risk analysis and invasion pathways - insects and wood packing revisited: What have we learned?Humble, L.
Humble (pp. S57-S72) reviews the lines of evidence that were used to support the development of the first pathway-based international standard for phytosanitary measures (ISPM), that for wood packing (ISPM 15). This standard requires mandatory treatment of wood used as dunnage, packaging, crating or pallets in international trade in order to mitigate populations of bark- and wood-borers potentially present in the raw wood.Published Online - 25 Feb 2010. [1.7 MB] (pdf).
Webber (pp. S45-S56) argues that better education about the various risks of plant pathogens, plus new approaches to biosecurity, are needed to avoid further destruction of forests and natural ecosystems as a result of introduced pathogens.Published Online - 25 Feb 2010. [1.3 MB] (pdf).
Alien forest insects in a warmer world and a globalised economy: impacts of changes in trade, tourism and climate on forest biosecurity.Roques,A.
Roques (pp. S77-S94) examines the effects of changing world trends on the introduction, establishment and spread of exotic insects associated with woody plants. Three aspects are considered: (i) commercial trade; (ii) tourism and consumer behaviour; and (iii) climate change.Published Online - 25 Feb 2010. [1.6 MB] (pdf).
Evans (pp. S35-S44) suggests that a philosophy of "manage once remove many" needs to be developed as a component of pest risk analysis aimed at maximum pest risk reduction. In this context, live plants for planting pose the greatest threats and the greatest challenge in development of effective phytosanitary measures.Published Online - 22 Feb 2010. [1.8 MB] (pdf).