Tim Payn



Dr Tim Payn comes from a background in soil science and has specialised interest in forest nutrition management. He is heavily involved in global efforts to support sustainable forest management. Tim currently chairs the 12 Country Montreal Process Technical Advisory Committee which steers policy aimed at defining and measuring sustainable practice.


  • PhD (Forestry), University of Canterbury, New Zealand, 1992.
  • BSc (Joint Honours), Soil Science and Chemistry, University College of North Wales, 1980.

Research capabilities

  • Development of Criteria and Indicators frameworks for Sustainable Forest Management
  • Forest productivity modelling within environmental frameworks
  • Forest nutritional management and development of decision support systems
  • Forests and climate change
  • Developing new ideas, research approaches, and programmes

Career highlights

the NZ Forest Owners Association Resource and Environment Committee, MAF’s Research Innovation and Technology Transfer Working Group, Future Forests Research Environment and Social theme Technical Steering Team, and the NZ Climate Change Centre Governance Group.

Selected papers

Payn, T.W. 2021. Putting purpose first – 10 functional forest types for New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Forestry. May 2021. Vol. 66, No. 1. pp 3-11.

Yao, R.T.; Palmer, D.J.; Payn, T.W.; Strang, S.; Maunder, C. Assessing the Broader Value of Planted Forests to Inform Forest Management Decisions. Forests 2021, 12, 662. https://doi.org/10.3390/f12060662

Palmer, D,J., Richards, C.R., Black, R., Powrie, J., Payn, T.W., Marden, M. 2020. Identifying sites for potential afforestation across erodible landscapes of the Hawke’s Bay region. New Zealand Journal of Forestry. 65(1). Pp7-11.

Palmer, D.J., Clarke, A., Richards, C.R., Powrie, J., Dowling, L., Payn, T.W. 2020. Spatial mapping of tree species site suitability for the Hawke’s Bay region. New Zealand Journal of Forestry. 65(1). Pp30-35.

West, T.A.P., Monge, J.J., Dowling, L.J., Wakelin, S.J., Yao, R.T., Dunningham, A.G., Payn, T.W. 2020. Comparison of spatial modelling frameworks for the identification of future afforestation in New Zealand. Landscape and Urban Planning, Volume 198, 103780, ISSN 0169-2046, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2020.103780. (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169204619312204)

Yao, R.T., Palmer, D., Hock, B., Harrison, D., Payn, T., Monge, J. 2019. Forest Investment Framework as a Support Tool for the Sustainable Management of Planted Forests. Sustainability, Volume 11. 3477. doi:10.3390/su11123477

Bayne, K., Edwards, P., Payn T.W. 2019. Media coverage of recent New Zealand storm events. New Zealand Journal of Forestry. 64(1). Pp17-25.

Meason, D.F., Baillie, B.R., Hock, B., Lad, P., Payn, T.W. 2019. Planted forests and water yield in New Zealand’s hydrological landscape: current and future challenges. New Zealand Journal of Forestry. 63(4). Pp29-35.

Edwards P., Fleming. A., Lacey, J. Lester, L., Pinkard, L., Ruckstuhl, K., Bezuidenhout, C., Payn, T., Bayne, K., Williams, T. 2018. Trust, engagement, information and social licence – insights from New Zealand. Environ. Res. Lett. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/aaf33

Payn, T.W., 2018. Future environmental challenges and New Zealand’s planted forests. New Zealand Journal of Forestry. 63(2). Pp14-20.

Linser, S., Wolfslehner, B., Bridge, S.J., Gritten, D., Johnson, S., Payn, T., Prins, K., Rasi, R., Robertson, G. 2018. 25 Years of Criteria and Indicators for Sustainable Forest Management: How Intergovernmental C&I Processes Have Made a Difference. Forests 2018, 9(9), 578; doi:10.3390/f9090578

Yao, R, Harrison, D, Harnett, M & Payn, T 2017, 'The broader benefits provided by New Zealand's planted forests', New Zealand Journal of Forestry, vol. 61, no. 4, pp. 7-15.

Yao, R, Harrison, D, Velarde, S, Barry, L, Wakelin, S, Falshaw, R, Hock, B & Payn, T 2016, 'Validation and enhancement of a spatial economic tool for assessing ecosystem services provided by planted forests', Forest Policy and Economics, vol. 72, pp. 122-131. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forpol.2016.06.023

Payn, T.W., Carnus, J. M., Freer-Smith, P., Kimberley, M., Kollert, W., Liu, S., Orazio, C., Rodriguez, L., Silva, L. N., & Wingfield, M. J. (2015). Changes in planted forests and future global implications. Forest Ecology and Management, 352, 57-67. http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84941070424&partnerID=40&md5=9dda8b7a0b885626a0cbe1fc74beee16

Payn, T., Phillips, C., Basher, L., Baillie, B., Garrett, L., Harrison, D., Heaphy, M., Marden, M. 2015. Improving management of post-harvest risks in steepland plantations. New Zealand Journal of Forestry. 60(2): 3-6.

Bayne K, Höck B, Spence H, Crawford K, Payn T, Barnard T 2015. New Zealand school children's perceptions of local forests and the Montréal Process Criteria and Indicators: comparing local and international value systems. New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science, 45:20

Payn T.W., Barnard, T.D., Cox, S., Millard, L., Novis, J., Reid, A. 2015. Sustainable Forest Management Developments in New Zealand seen through the lens of the Montréal Process Criteria and Indicators (C&I) framework. XIV World Forestry Congress, Durban, South Africa. http://foris.fao.org/wfc2015/api/file/553f0c2daad66a0115ccca6e/contents/4d36ee55-bcd5-426e-97ec-3cddc04c2a8f.pdf

Sealey, C., Reid, J, Payn, T.W. 2015. Reconciliation of Values: The New Zealand Sustainable Forest Management Perspective. XIV World Forestry Congress, Durban, South Africa. http://foris.fao.org/wfc2015/api/file/552f6624d010037601a4ca39/contents/35cae690-86c3-4911-92bb-a2a86d172682.pdf

Hock, B., Payn, T. W., & Heaphy, M. (2014). Issues in the re-use of non-forestry specific spatial data sources for national environmental reporting on planted forests in New Zealand. Journal of Spatial Science, 16pp.  doi:10.1080/14498596.2014.913508

Pawson, S.M., Brin, A., Brockerhoff, E.G. Lamb, D., Payn, T.W., Paquette, A., Parrotta, J.A. 2013. Plantation forests, climate change and biodiversity. Biodiversity and Conservation. 22(5), 1203-1227.http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84878014623&partnerID=40&md5=1ff4e7b5474604a3575d121f39bc3676

Hock, B.K.; Payn T.W. 2013. Visualising information: the potential to communicate sustainability.  New Zealand Journal of Forestry. 57(4) 27-31

Chikumbo O.; Payn T.W. 2012. Lessons from the global financial meltdown: minimising risk by enhancing value creation in land and water management. New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science. 42 91-105

Payn, T.W., Spence, H., Barnard, T.D., Clinton, P.W., Charteris, P., 2012. Perspectives on Forests and Climate Change in New Zealand. NZ Journal of Forestry. 57(1) 18-23.

Payn, T.W., 2010. Forest Development: A vital balance – what did it mean for New Zealand? New Zealand Journal of Forestry. 55(1):6-7.

Palmer, D.J, Watt, M., Kimberley, M. Hock, B., Payn, T., Lowe, D. 2010. Mapping and explaining the productivity of Pinus radiata in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Forestry. 55(1): 15-19

Palmer, D., Watt, M., Kimberley, M. Hock, B., Payn, T., Lowe, D. 2010. Mapping the Productivity of radiata pine. New Zealand Tree Grower. 31(2): 18-19.

Hock, B.K., Payn, T.W., Clinton, P.W., Turner, J. 2009. Towards Green Markets for New Zealand Plantations. New Zealand Journal of Forestry 54(1) 9-19

Palmer, D.J., Hock B.K., Kimberley M.O., Watt M.S., Lowe D.J., Payn T.W. 2009 Comparison of spatial prediction techniques for developing Pinus radiata productivity surfaces across New Zealand. Forest Ecology and Management 258:  2046–2055

Rivaie, A.A., Loganathan P., Graham, J.D.,Tillman R.W., Payn, T.W., 2008. Effect of phosphate rock and triple super phosphate on soil phosphorus fractions and their plant-availability and downward movement in two volcanic ash soils under Pinus radiata plantations in New Zealand. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems. Available on line. DOI 10.1007/s10705-008-9170-6

Zabowski D., Skinner M.F., Payn T.W., 2007. Nutrient release by weathering: implications for sustainable harvesting of Pinus radiata in New Zealand Soils. New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science 37(3): 336-354.

Payn T.W., Clinton P.W., 2005. The environmental footprint of New Zealand’s plantation forests: nutrient balances. New Zealand Journal of Forestry. 50, 17-22.

Watt M., Coker, G., Clinton, P.W., Davis, M.R., Parfitt, R., Simcock R., Garrett, L., Payn T.W., Richardson B., Dunningham A. 2005. Defining sustainability of plantation forests through identification of site quality indicators influencing productivity- a national view for New Zealand. Forest Ecology and Management. 216: 51-63.

Palmer, D.J., Lowe, D.J., Payn, T.W., Hock, B.K., McLay C.D.A, Kimberley, M.O. 2005. Soil and foliar phosphorus as indicators of sustainability for Pinus radiata plantation forestry in New Zealand. Forest Ecology and Management. 222:140-154.

Xue, J.M.; Sands, R.; Clinton, P, W.; Payn, T.W.; Skinner, M.F. 2005: Carbon and Net Nitrogen Mineralisation in Two Forest Soils Amended with Different Concentration of Biuret, Soil Biology and Biochemistry 35, 855-866.